In Ukraine, human rights investigators like Amnesty International and Bellingcat have been monitoring Russian assaults to assist in a possible warfare crimes investigation. One factor they’re paying particular consideration to is cluster bombs. Cluster bombs had been first utilized in World Conflict II, and scatter quite a few smaller bombs over a large space — usually killing civilians. It’s this indiscriminate nature that usually makes their use a warfare crime.
Our trendy conception of warfare crimes was established by a collection of treaties whose creation spanned many years. In 1977, a kind of treaties banned what’s referred to as “indiscriminate assaults.” Meaning militaries are legally prohibited from attacking an space imprecisely, in a means that may hurt civilians.
Russia just isn’t alone in utilizing these weapons: In conflicts for the reason that 1977 treaty, many militaries proceed utilizing them in civilian areas, with impunity, together with the US. This video explains how they’re being utilized by Russia, and why locations just like the US and Russia simply received’t give them up.
This video is a part of our ongoing, broader protection of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. For extra movies that present historic context to the headlines within the information as we speak, watch our playlist right here.
You will discover this video, our playlist, and the complete library of Vox’s movies on our YouTube channel.